Reading Development

Risk Factors for Reading Problems

Get the facts on risk factors for reading problems to help put all kids on the path to reading success, right from the start.

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Publications & Presentations

Nemours BrightStart! research is well represented in the academic literature and in national and regional presentations.

Publications in Peer-Reviewed Journals

  • Bailet, L., Repper, K., Murphy, S., Piasta, S., & Zettler-Greeley, C. (2013). Emergent literacy intervention for prekindergarteners at risk for reading failure: Years 2 and 3 of a multiyear study. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 46(2), 133-153.
  • Bailet, L.L., Repper K.K., Piasta S.B., Murphy S.P. (2009). Emergent literacy intervention for prekindergarteners at risk for reading failure. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 42, 336-265.

Research Presentations

  • Zettler-Greeley, C. Bailet, L., & Lewis, K. (2016, March).  Development of the Preschool Reading Screener: A New Tool for Parents. Poster accepted for presentation at the Society for Research in Educational Effectiveness Spring Conference, Washington, D.C.
  • Schierle, C., Zettler-Greeley, C., & Bailet, L. (2015, October). Changes in Quality of Family Home Literacy Environment Following Child Participation in a Prekindergarten Emergent Literacy Intervention. Poster presented at the 66th International Dyslexia Association Annual Conference on Reading, Literacy & Learning, Grapevine, Texas. 
  • Zettler-Greeley, C. & Bailet, L. (2015, March). Program outcomes from a parent-implemented emergent literacy intervention for at-risk prekindergarteners: A multilevel analysis. Poster presented at the Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Schierle, C., Zettler-Greeley, C., & Bailet, L. (2015, February).  Outcomes of a parent-administered early literacy intervention program. Poster presented at Learning Disabilities of America Annual International Conference, Chicago, Ill. 
  • Eldred, K., Zettler-Greeley, C., & Bailet, L. (2014, November). Early literacy intervention at home and in the classroom for at-risk prekindergarteners. Poster presented at The 65th International Dyslexia Association Annual Conference on Reading, Literacy & Learning, San Diego.  
  • Zettler-Greeley, C. & Bailet, L. (2014, July). Evaluating the impact of a parent-implemented early literacy intervention program for at-risk prekindergarteners. Poster presented at Head Start’s 12th National Research Conference on Early Childhood, Washington, D.C.
  • Zettler-Greeley, C. (2014, June). Evidence-based emergent literacy instruction for at-risk preschoolers. Paper presented at the Florida International Dyslexia Association Annual Meeting, Orlando.
  • Zettler-Greeley, C. (2013, November). Parents as child’s first teacher: Evaluating the impact of a parent-implemented early literacy intervention program for at-risk prekindergarteners. Paper presented at the International Dyslexia Association 64th Annual Conference for Professionals & 2nd Annual Conference for Families, New Orleans.
  • Zettler-Greeley, C., & Bailet, L. (2013, February). The Reading Readiness Skills Checklist: A validation study. Poster presented at the National Association of School Psychologists Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA.
  • Zettler-Greeley, C., & Bailet, L. (2012, October). Tier 2 differentiated instruction for kindergarteners: Program outcomes from an emergent literacy study for at-risk learners. Poster presented at the 63rd International Dyslexia Association Conference, Baltimore Md.
  • Bailet, L. & Zettler-Greeley, C. (2012, September). A Promising RTI Tier 2 Early Literacy Intervention: Results from Cluster Randomized Controlled Studies and Longitudinal Follow-Up. Paper presented at the Center for RTI in Early Childhood Conference, Santa Ana Pueblo, N.M.
  • Zettler-Greeley, C., DeLucca, T., & Bailet, L. (2012, September). Parent Perceptions of English Language Learners’ Reading Readiness Skills. Poster presented at the Center for RTI in Early Childhood Conference, Santa Ana Pueblo, N.M.
  • Bailet, L. (2012, August). Update on genetics and neurobiology of dyslexia. Paper presented at the Cape Cod Pediatrics for the Primary Care, Cape Cod, Mass.
  • Bailet, L. (2012, August). Practical tools to support reading development. Paper presented at the Cape Cod Pediatrics for the Primary Care, Cape Cod, Mass.
  • Bailet, L. (2012, July). Closing the reading readiness gap. Paper presented at the Grade-Level Reading Community Network Conference and All-America City Awards Celebration, Denver.
  • Zettler-Greeley, C. (2012, July). Evidence-based literacy practice: Early really does work best! Paper presented at the One Goal Summer Conference, Tampa, Fla.
  • Bailet, L. (2012, June). Using SLPs to help implement differentiated instruction. Paper presented to the Louisiana Department of Education, Baton Rouge, La.
  • Bailet, L. (2012, June). Mini-plenary on child health and literacy. Paper presented at the Grade-Level Reading Community Network Conference and All-America City Awards Celebration, Denver.
  • Zettler-Greeley, C., Long, G., & Ginsburg-Block, M. (2012, June). A bright start on literacy! Paper presented at the 3rd Annual Jane Davidson Symposium on Play, Newark, Del.
  • Bailet, L. (2012, May). Small group literacy instruction: Making it work in your classroom! Paper presented at the 15th Head Start Annual Training Institute, Tampa, Fla.
  • Bailet, L. (2012, April). Small group literacy instruction: Making it work in your program. Paper presented at the Ohio Association for the Education of Young Children Conference, Columbus, Ohio.
  • DeLucca, T. (2012, April). A multifaceted examination of children’s early literacy skills: Child, family, and physician outcomes. Paper presented at the Pediatric Academic Society Annual Meeting, Boston, Mass.
  • DeLucca, T., McKay-Easters, M., Zettler-Greeley, C., & Bailet, L. (2012, February). Closing the reading readiness gap: A multisensory approach to early literacy intervention for ethnically diverse learners. Poster presented at the Society for Research in Child Development Themed Meeting, Tampa, Fla.
  • Lewis, K., Ginsberg-Block, M., Zettler-Greeley, C., & Bailet, L. (2012, February). Family Early Literacy Practices questionnaire: A validation study for ELLs. Poster presented at the National Association of School Psychologists Annual Convention, Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Zettler-Greeley, C., & Ginsburg-Block, M. (2012, February). Home literacy environment and preschool early literacy outcomes. Paper presented at the National Association of School Psychologists Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Bailet, L. (2012, January). Small group literacy instruction, Parts I and II. Paper presented at the Louisiana Department of Education Preschool and Kindergarten Conference, Baton Rouge, La.
  • Bailet, L. (2012, January). RTI: Tier II Early literacy program and outcomes. Paper presented at the Florida Division for Learning Disabilities Regional Symposium, Orlando.
  • DeLucca, T., McKay-Easters, M., Zettler-Greeley, C., & Bailet, L. (2011, November). The effectiveness of emergent literacy intervention for prekindergarteners at risk for reading failure: A longitudinal growth curve analysis. Poster presented at the 62nd International Dyslexia Association Annual Conference, Chicago.
  • Zettler-Greeley, C., & Bailet, L. (2011, November). Parent perceptions of child emergent literacy: Influence of intervention. Poster presented at the 62nd International Dyslexia Association Annual Conference, Chicago.
  • Zettler-Greeley, C., Bailet, L., Lewis, K., & Ginsberg-Block, M. (2011, September). RTI Tier 2 Preschool Emergent Literacy Instruction: Year 4 Program Outcomes and the Impact of Child and Home Environment Factors. Poster presented at the Conference on Response to Intervention for Early Childhood, Albuquerque, N.M.
  • Zettler-Greeley, C., Bailet, L., & Meyerholtz, V. (2011, June).  Implementation fidelity of a Tier Two preschool early literacy program: Impact of instructor education and teaching experience. Poster presented at the National Association for the Education of Young Children Professional Development Conference, Providence, R.I.
  • Ginsberg-Block, M., Lewis, K., Bailet, L. & Zettler-Greeley, C. (2011, February). Home literacy environment and emergent literacy outcomes. Poster presented at the National Association of School Psychologists Annual Meeting, San Francisco.
  • Lewis, K., Ginsburg-Block, M., Bailet, L., Murphy, S., & Zettler-Greeley, C. (February, 2011). Measuring family early literacy practices across diverse preschool families. Poster presented at the National Association of School Psychologists Annual Meeting, San Francisco. 
  • Bailet, L. (2010, October). Proven methods for teaching students with difficulties in pre-reading skills. Paper presented at the Delaware Association for the Education of Young Children Annual Conference, Newark, Del.
  • Bailet, L. (2010, October). Proven methods for teaching students with difficulties in pre-reading skills. Presented at the 55th Annual Conference of the Florida Association for the Education of Young Children, Orlando.
  • Bailet, L. (2010, July). Using an evidence-based prekindergarten reading readiness program to inform public policy. Paper presented at the One Goal Summer Conference, Tampa, Fla.
  • Ellis, D. M. (2010, July). Implementation fidelity of an early literacy tier-two intervention program. Paper presented at the One Goal Summer Conference, Tampa, Fla.
  • Ellis, D., Repper, K. & Zettler-Greeley, C. (2010, June). A targeted early literacy intervention for prekindergarteners identified as "at risk" for reading failure: Outcomes for English Language Learners. Poster presented at the 11th National Head Start Research Conference, Washington, D.C.
  • Bailet, L. (2010, April). Early identification and interventions for young children at risk for reading failure: Why are so many children struggling readers? Paper presented at the Young Children with Special Needs Conference, Jacksonville, Fla.
  • Bailet, L. (2010, March). Measuring and closing the reading readiness achievement gap in prekindergarteners. Paper presented at the National Policy Symposium for the National Association of Childcare Resource and Referral Agencies, Washington, D.C.
  • Repper, K., Ellis, D., Bailet, L. (2009, November). Efficacy of a targeted intervention for prekindergarten children identified as "at risk" for reading failure. Paper presented at the 60th Annual Conference of the International Dyslexia Association, Orlando.
  • Ginsburg-Block, M., Golinkoff, R., Can, D., Thomas, S., Lewis, K., West, C., Repper, K., and Bailet, L. (2009, February). Measuring family involvement in early literacy: Parental beliefs as a predictor. Poster presented at the National Association of School Psychologists, Boston, Mass.
  • Repper, K., Harrison, K. D., Bailet L. (2009, February). Can childcare workers reliably administer a brief measure of emergent reading skills to prekindergarten children? Poster presented at the International Reading Association Conference, Phoenix.
  • Repper, K. and Ellis, D. (2008). Nemours BrightStart! Dyslexia Initiative: Impact on early reading skills in "at-risk" 4-year-olds. Special Needs Conference, Jacksonville, Fla.
  • Repper, K. and Ellis, D. (2008, June). Efficacy of a targeted intervention for prekindergarten children identified as "at-risk" for reading failure. Poster presented at the Head Start 9th National Research Conference, Washington, D.C.
  • Repper, K. and Ellis, D. (2008, June). Can childcare workers reliably administer a brief measure of emergent reading skills to prekindergarten children? Poster presented at the Head Start 9th National Research Conference, Washington, D.C