Autism is a neurodevelopmental (related to the development of the nervous system) disorder that can affect a child’s social interaction and communication skills. The symptoms of autism in children can vary from severe to mild. At Nemours, our team of behavioral health specialists can help. We’ll develop an individualized treatment plan that meets your child’s needs.
Some children may show early signs of autism in infancy, while other children may suddenly develop autism symptoms later. In either case, the symptoms of autism in children begin before age 3.
Early signs of autism in children include lack of interest in people, lack of communication, not responding to his/her name, lack of pretend play and the presence of repetitive behaviors or interests. The best way to help your child with autism symptoms is to discuss your concerns with your child’s doctor. Early intervention can begin to reduce autism symptoms and help your child learn to adapt, grow and thrive.
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- photo ID
- medical and pharmacy insurance cards
- preferred pharmacy name and phone number
- names and dosage of all medications, including over-the-counter medication, your child is currently taking
- guardianship and custody papers, if a legal guardian rather than a parent accompanies your child
Please bring all past evaluations or developmental testing that your child may have had.
As a parent, you know the importance of going to the doctor when your child is ill. The same is true if you notice that your child is not developing as other children of the same age, is having trouble communicating with you, or is avoiding eye contact. These are all signs of autism in children. At Nemours Children’s Clinic, Orlando, our child behavior specialists are experts in evaluating, diagnosing, and treating autism in children. We can help your child and your family, and give you hope for a better tomorrow.
Autism in children is one of a group of developmental problems called autism spectrum disorders, meaning autism symptoms can range from mild to severe. These symptoms typically occur in children before age 3, and can affect the development and function of your child’s socialization, communications, and behavior.
- lack of eye contact
- language delays or speech with abnormal tone or rhythm
- lack of response when called
- overly preoccupied with one area of interest
- repetitive movements
- becomes disturbed when routines change
- prefers to play alone, retreats to his or her own world
- may be sensitive to light, touch, and sound
Diagnosing autism in children involves evaluation by a specialist, and does not include other tests such as a MRI or blood tests.
Once your child is referred to us for evaluation, you and your child will meet with a member of our behavioral health team. We’ll assess your child’s condition by gathering information from you and others who regularly interact with your child.
Also, we may use the Autistic Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), the gold standard of testing the level of autism symptoms.
Some of the information we’ll need includes:
- a review of all your child’s health records
- your child’s school records
- interviews with you and your child
- observing your child’s behavior
From this information, we’ll develop an appropriate treatment plan just for your child.
Once a diagnosis has been determined, our specialists will offer recommendations that are tailored to your child’s strengths and weaknesses. Also, we’ll work with community providers for applied behavior analysis therapy, an excepted treatment method that uses behavioral psychology techniques to reinforce language, social, and behavioral skills.
Depending on your child’s condition, we may also recommend your child be seen by speech/language therapists, and occupational therapists.
- Child psychologists: also called pediatric psychologists, licensed mental health professionals with a doctorate degree, and who specializes in the study of childhood development as it relates to behaviors and emotions. While they don’t prescribe medications, they can help monitor the effects of medication therapy on your child.
- Child psychiatrists: also called pediatric psychiatrists, medical doctors with advanced training in diagnosing, and treating mental illness. In addition to psychotherapy, child psychiatrists may prescribe medication therapy when necessary.
- Neuropsychologists: mental health professionals with a doctorate degree, specializing in studying how the brain affects your child’s action and thought.
- Social workers: licensed clinical professionals who help children and their families solve and cope with problems. They provide guidance and resource information about mental, behavioral, and emotional issues.
- Mental health counselors: skilled licensed professionals who provide psychotherapy support along with problem-solving strategies to produce favorable resolutions.
- Other Nemours specialists your child may see for a medical condition.