A child who has hearing loss or impairment may be able to hear some sounds or nothing at all. Impairment means something is not working correctly or as well as it should. People also may use the words deaf, deafness, or hard of hearing when they're talking about hearing loss.
An audiologist will assess a child's hearing by doing different types of tests. Testing can even be done on infants. If it’s found that a child has hearing loss, the audiologist will recommend treatment and suggest the family work with a special team. This team will figure out the best way for a child with hearing loss or impairment to learn and communicate.
Some people are born with hearing impairments, while others incur hearing loss through injuries, infections, or even loud noises. About 28 million Americans are deaf or hearing impaired.
Some students may use hearing aids, which come in various forms that fit inside or behind the ear. Cochlear implants are surgically implanted devices that bypass the damaged inner ear and send signals directly to the auditory nerve. New technologies are making it possible for more hearing-impaired students to attend school and participate in activities with their hearing peers.
Students with hearing impairments may:
wear hearing aids, have cochlear implants, or use FM systems, which include a microphone/transmitter worn by the teacher and a receiver worn by the student
need to use real-time captioning for any audio-visual videos used in the classroom
need voice-recognition software on their computers, which can help with note-taking
understand speech by watching the speaker's mouth movements, facial expressions, and gestures, within context. This skill is called speech-reading or lip-reading.
use ASL (American Sign Language), Cued Speech, or other sign languages
require speech therapy due to delayed speech or language development
need to sit closer to the front of the class to read lips or hear more clearly
need quiet areas
need instructions repeated
Kids and teens with hearing impairments may be self-conscious about their condition, especially around classmates.
What Teachers Can Do
Encourage your hearing-impaired students to participate in all classroom and extracurricular activities.
Most hearing-impaired students can lip-read to some extent, but try to determine how well. To help your hearing-impaired students lip-read, make sure to face them when you talk, talk slowly and clearly, and do not yell. As long as they have their amplifiers on, you can speak in a normal tone. Consider arranging chairs in your classroom in a circle so your hearing-impaired students can interact with classmates.
Use lots of pictures, graphics, and text labels. Try not to turn your back and speak while writing on a board. Remember: Many hearing-impaired students are visual learners.
Check with a special education teacher, speech–language pathologist, or school nurse to see if any assistive hearing devices or other technology might be helpful.
Reviewed by: Mary L. Gavin, MD
Date reviewed: August 11, 2016