Cataracts

Pediatric Cataract Surgery

A pediatric or childhood cataract refers to any cloudiness or opacity (whiteness) in the normally clear lens of a child’s eye. A cataract can affect a very small part of the lens or involve the entire lens.

What causes pediatric cataracts?

Cataracts in babies may be caused by abnormal development of the lens before birth. By interfering with the light ray path to the retina (back part of the eye), cataracts in children can cause abnormal vision development and may result in permanent loss of vision if pediatric cataract surgery is not performed.

How are pediatric cataracts treated?

Infantile and childhood cataracts are commonly treated with pediatric cataract surgery. Cataracts that are small and/or off-center in the lens may not need to be removed because your child’s vision can develop normally, even with the cataract. Larger cataracts or those causing major visual loss should be removed, usually via pediatric cataract surgery, as soon as it is safely possible to do so.

A to Z: Cellulitis, Orbital

A to Z: Cellulitis, Orbital

Orbital cellulitis is a serious infection that affects the eye and its surrounding tissue and skin. It's more common in children than adults.

More to Know

The condition is often caused by bacteria that spread from a sinus infection or bacteria that enter through direct trauma to the eye.

People with orbital cellulitis may experience painful swelling and discoloration of the eyelids, poor vision, eye pain, difficulty moving the eye, and fever. It's important to see a doctor as soon as symptoms appear because the condition progresses quickly and can cause serious complications such as blindness, meningitis, and blood or brain infections.

People with orbital cellulitis are admitted to the hospital for treatment so doctors can run diagnostic tests, give antibiotics through a vein, and monitor patients closely. In some cases surgery is necessary to drain fluid from the infected area and relieve pressure. A full recovery can be expected if treatment starts quickly.

Keep in Mind

You can help prevent orbital cellulitis by making sure you and your family members get vaccinated to help prevent certain infections and treat all infections at their earliest onset. See your doctor immediately if there is eye swelling, eye pain, and fever.

All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.

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Date reviewed: August 11, 2016