A pediatric or childhood cataract refers to any cloudiness or opacity (whiteness) in the normally clear lens of a child’s eye. A cataract can affect a very small part of the lens or involve the entire lens.
What causes pediatric cataracts?
Cataracts in babies may be caused by abnormal development of the lens before birth. By interfering with the light ray path to the retina (back part of the eye), cataracts in children can cause abnormal vision development and may result in permanent loss of vision if pediatric cataract surgery is not performed.
How are pediatric cataracts treated?
Infantile and childhood cataracts are commonly treated with pediatric cataract surgery. Cataracts that are small and/or off-center in the lens may not need to be removed because your child’s vision can develop normally, even with the cataract. Larger cataracts or those causing major visual loss should be removed, usually via pediatric cataract surgery, as soon as it is safely possible to do so.
From Nemours' KidsHealth
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First Aid: Eye Injuries
Most eye injuries are minor, like getting soap in the eye or a speck of dirt under the eyelid. Others, like those that happen during sports activities, can be serious and require medical attention.
Signs and Symptoms
- stinging or burning
- sensitivity to light
- blurred vision
- swelling of the eyelids
- discoloration around the eye
What to Do
If you think your child has a particle in the eye or a minor irritation, be sure to:
- Wash your hands before touching the eye area.
- Flush the eye with water as soon as possible:
- Tilt the child's head over a basin or sink with the affected eye pointed down.
- Gently pull down the lower lid.
- Gently pour a steady stream of lukewarm water over the eye.
- Flush the eye for up to 15 minutes, checking every 5 minutes to see if the foreign body has been flushed out.
Seek Medical Care
If Your Child Has:
- been struck in the eye with a ball or other object
- a red or irritated eye
- eye discomfort
- a swollen, red, or painful area around the eye or eyelid
- an eye that's very sensitive to light
Seek Emergency Care Immediately
If Your Child Has:
- trouble seeing
- been exposed to chemicals
- something embedded in the eye
- severe eye pain
- blood in the eye
- nausea or vomiting after an eye injury
Kids who play sports should wear protective goggles or unbreakable glasses as needed. Keep chemicals and other potentially dangerous objects out of the reach of children.
Reviewed by: Steven Dowshen, MD
Date reviewed: August 11, 2016