A pediatric or childhood cataract refers to any cloudiness or opacity (whiteness) in the normally clear lens of a child’s eye. A cataract can affect a very small part of the lens or involve the entire lens.
What causes pediatric cataracts?
Cataracts in babies may be caused by abnormal development of the lens before birth. By interfering with the light ray path to the retina (back part of the eye), cataracts in children can cause abnormal vision development and may result in permanent loss of vision if pediatric cataract surgery is not performed.
How are pediatric cataracts treated?
Infantile and childhood cataracts are commonly treated with pediatric cataract surgery. Cataracts that are small and/or off-center in the lens may not need to be removed because your child’s vision can develop normally, even with the cataract. Larger cataracts or those causing major visual loss should be removed, usually via pediatric cataract surgery, as soon as it is safely possible to do so.
From Nemours' KidsHealth
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First Aid: Pinkeye
Some kinds of pinkeye go away on their own, but others require treatment with antibiotics. When pinkeye is caused by an infection, it can be spread easily from person to person.
Signs and Symptoms
- discomfort or feeling like something is in the eye
- redness of the eye and inner eyelid
- watery or pus-like liquid seeping from the eye
- lashes matted or stuck together upon waking up
- itchiness and tearing (common with allergic pinkeye)
What to Do
- Call your doctor, particularly for a newborn (treatment may include antibiotic drops or ointment).
- Carefully clean the eye area with warm water and gauze or cotton balls.
- Put cool compresses on the eye.
- Give acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve discomfort (check instructions for correct amount).
Seek Medical Care
If Your Child:
- shows no improvement in 2 or 3 days if treated, or a week if untreated
- has eye redness that worsens
- has increasing swelling of the eyelids
- complains of severe pain
- experiences any change in vision
- shows sensitivity to light
- has ear pain (pinkeye and ear infections can happen at the same time)
Wash hands well and often, especially after touching eyes. Don't allow sharing of washcloths, towels, and pillowcases. Talk to your doctor if itchy, watery, or red eyes are a frequent problem — allergies might be the cause.
If certain household things seem to irritate the eyes, try:
- dusting and vacuuming often
- closing windows and doors when pollen is heavy
- keeping scented or irritating chemicals (like household cleaners) to a minimum
- avoiding secondhand smoke
Reviewed by: Steven Dowshen, MD
Date reviewed: September 26, 2016