Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children are fairly common and can affect the bladder or the kidney. If your child has a UTI, the infection will usually be treated with antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. Your doctor may refer your child for additional tests and an appointment with our Nemours pediatric urologists who specialize in treating both simple and complex urologic problems in children.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection caused by bacteria (germs) getting into the urinary tract. The urinary tract is a term for those parts of the body involved in making and passing urine, which include the kidneys, bladder, ureters (tubes which connect the kidneys and bladder) and the urethra (tube through which the urine exits the body).
Urinary tract infections in children are fairly common and can affect the lower tract (bladder) or the upper tract (kidney). By 5 years old, about 8% of girls and 1-2% of boys have had at least one UTI.
Causes and Signs of Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) in Children
Some causes of UTIs in children include poor toilet and hygiene habits (not wiping from front to back or cleaning the bottom area thoroughly), the use of bubble baths or strongly scented soaps that can irritate the urethra and lead to holding onto urine, a family history of UTIs, or vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) when urine flows backwards from the bladder to the ureters and kidneys.
In older children, UTIs may cause obvious complaints such as burning or pain with urination (peeing) but UTIs may be harder to detect in infants and young children because symptoms are less specific.
Be sure to contact your doctor if your child has any of these symptoms:
- persistent fever of unknown cause [100.4° Fahrenheit (38° Celsius) rectally in infants, or over 101° Fahrenheit (38.3° Celsius) in children]
- burning or pain when urinating
- frequent or urgent urination, and frequent urination at night
- strong-smelling, cloudy or bloody urine
- abdominal (especially below the navel), back or side pain
Sometimes, a fever is the only sign of a UTI.
Treating Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) in Children
After performing a physical exam and asking about symptoms, your child’s primary care doctor will take a urine sample to check for and identify bacteria causing the infection.
If your child has a UTI, the infection will usually be treated with antibiotics to kill the bacteria. Your doctor may refer your child for additional tests and an appointment with our Nemours pediatric urologists who specialize in treating both simple and complex urologic problems in children.
For Appointments: (904) 697-3600
- photo ID
- medical and pharmacy insurance cards
- preferred pharmacy name and phone number
- names and dosage of all medications, including over-the-counter medication, your child is currently taking
- guardianship and custody papers, if a legal guardian rather than a parent accompanies your child
- Patient Registration (PDF)
New Patient Forms
- Patient Registration (PDF)
Returning Patient Forms
- Release of Information (PDF)
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- Patient Presents Without Legal Guardian (PDF)
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Note: A parent or legal guardian must be with a child for a first visit.
Resources for Patients & Families
Members of our pediatric urology team at Nemours Children's Specialty Care, Jacksonville have been named among the “Best Doctors in America®” and our reputation for excellence draws patient-families from Tallahassee, Daytona, and South Georgia, who are seeking exceptional care for UTIs in children.
In fact, we are a regional leader in minimally invasive urologic procedures and routinely utilize robotic assisted laparoscopic surgery. We also have the region’s only biofeedback program for helping kids with voiding dysfunction.
Among the pediatric urology services we provide are:
- complete urologic assessment
- pediatric gynecologic assessment
- reconstructive surgery of urinary tract or genitalia
- minimally invasive surgery
- robotic surgery
- reviews of voiding studies, voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) (X-ray images of a person's urinary system) ultrasounds and other radiologic studies
We also provide a Spina Bifida Clinic that gives children with this condition access to a team of specialists — including orthopedists, neurosurgeons, and urologists — who can manage all of their medical needs in one place.
Special Clinic Devoted to Children's Voiding Issues
We understand the impact urinary and fecal incontinence can have on your child and your family. That’s why Nemours Children’s Specialty Care, Jacksonville, offers a Continence Clinic for kids with problems holding or releasing urine or stool. Our coordinated care includes specialists from:
- gastroenterology (digestive health)
- urology (urinary health)
- psychiatry and psychology
Our Continence Clinic staff is made up of nurses and nurse practitioners. Our specialized nurses work side-by-side with our doctors and your family to do whatever it takes to help your child with:
- urinary and fecal incontinence
- urinary frequency and urgency
- recurring urinary tract infection (UTI)
- failure to toilet train
- chronic constipation
We can also perform tests to help address your child’s individual needs. These may include:
- urological and gastroenterological assessment
- uroflow testing to measure the flow and force of the urine stream
- urodynamics studies to assess bladder and sphincter muscle function
- high-resolution anorectal manometry (a test that uses a balloon technique to measure contractions) to evaluate the causes of pediatric constipation or fecal incontinence
- 3-D pediatric anorectal imaging (one of the few clinics to offer this testing)
Nemours Jacksonville is also proud to offer a biofeedback program — one of the first in North Florida — which uses fun, interactive games to help kids better understand and manage this personal issue.
Nemours Pediatric Urology in Tallahassee, FL
Nemours pediatric urologists offer services the fourth Monday of every month at:
Southeastern Urological Center PA
2000 Centre Pointe Blvd.
Tallahassee, FL 32308
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Phone: (850) 309-0400