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From Nemours' KidsHealth
- Sports Physicals
- The Risks of Postponing or Avoiding Vaccinations
- What Can I Do to Ease My Child's Fear of Shots?
- Your Child's Checkups
- Immunization Schedule
- Finding a Doctor for Your New Baby
- Medical Care and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old
- What's a Nurse Practitioner?
- Your Child's Immunizations
- Growth Charts
- Looking at Your Newborn: What's Normal
- Newborn Screening Tests
- Preparing Your Child for Visits to the Doctor
- Medical Care and Your 1- to 3-Month-Old
- Common Cold
- Failure to Thrive
- Frequently Asked Questions About Immunizations
- Influenza (Flu)
- Medical Care and Your 4- to 7-Month-Old
- Medical Care and Your 2- to 3-Year-Old
- Medical Care and Your 4- to 5-Year-Old
- Medical Care and Your 6- to 12-Year-Old
- Medical Care and Your 13- to 18-Year-Old
- How to Talk to Your Child's Doctor
- Growth and Your Newborn
- Medical Care and Your Newborn
- Medical Care and Your 8- to 12-Month-Old
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Medical Care and Your 6- to 12-Year-Old
At the Doctor's Office
At a typical yearly exam, the doctor will weigh and measure your child to check progress along a normal pattern of growth. The doctor will perform a complete physical exam and check blood pressure.
During the visit, your child also may be screened for anemia, blood or protein in the urine, and exposure to tuberculosis, and you may be asked about your family's history of cardiovascular disease and hyperlipidemia (an excess of cholesterol and/or other fats in the blood).
Your child will also be checked for scoliosis (curvature of the spine) and for signs of puberty. Kids who have not received the varicella vaccine or have not had chickenpox (varicella) should be immunized.
The doctor might also ask about your child's sleep, exercise, and eating habits. A yearly exam also lets older kids talk with their doctors about any questions they have on sexual development.
In addition, the doctor may instruct your child about the importance of personal care and hygiene to maintain good health; warn against using alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs; and emphasize safety, (wearing a bicycle helmet, using seat belts, etc.).
The doctor should also ask about and provide counseling on behavioral issues, learning problems, difficulties at school, and emotional, physical, or sexual abuse.
As your child becomes a teenager, the doctor may ask you to leave the room to allow a more private conversation. It's an important part of kids moving toward independence and taking responsibility for their own health.
If You Suspect a Medical Problem
Parents can usually judge by a variety of symptoms, and their child's appearance, if their child is sick enough for a visit to the doctor. Some symptoms that may require a doctor's attention include:
- changes in weight or eating habits
- changes in behavior or sleep patterns
- failure to progress in height or pubertal development as expected
- menstrual problems
- temperature over 102ºF (38.9ºC) that lasts or recurs
- frequent or lasting vomiting or diarrhea
- signs of a skin infection or an unusual or persistent rash
- frequent sore throats
- stubborn cough, wheezing, or other breathing problems
- localized pain
Typical Medical Problems
Among the typical problems found in this age group are sleep disorders, bedwetting, strep throat, and colds. Preteens also may experience sports injuries, and many kids develop stress-related stomachaches or headaches. Although rarely serious, if the problem persists, call your doctor.
Reviewed by: Steven Dowshen, MD
Date reviewed: September 2011