View trusted insights from KidsHealth.org, the No. 1 most-viewed health site for children, created by the experts at Nemours. We've also provided information from the most-respected nonprofit organizations.
From Nemours' KidsHealth
- A to Z: Kyphosis, Congenital
- A to Z: Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease
- A to Z: Kyphosis
- Common Childhood Orthopedic Conditions
- A to Z: Clubfoot
- A to Z: Scoliosis
- Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
- Preparing Your Child for Surgery
- Should I Worry About the Way My Son Walks?
- A to Z: Fracture, Fibula
- A to Z: Fracture, Radius
- A to Z: Fracture, Clavicle
- A to Z: Fracture, Distal Radius and Ulna
- A to Z: Fracture, Elbow
- A to Z: Genu Varum
- Bones, Muscles, and Joints
- When Your Child Needs a Cast
- Frequently Asked Questions About Casts
- Cerebral Palsy
- Blount Disease
- Broken Bones, Sprains, and Strains
- Growth Plate Injuries
- In-toeing & Out-toeing in Toddlers
- Preparing Your Child for Anesthesia
- A to Z: Abnormality of Gait (Gait Abnormality)
- Broken Bones
- Limited Mobility Special Needs Factsheet
- Muscular Dystrophy
- Physical Therapy
- Spina Bifida
- Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)
- X-Ray Exam: Hand
- X-Ray Exam: Wrist
- X-Ray Exam: Forearm
- X-Ray Exam: Hip
- X-Ray Exam: Humerus (Upper Arm)
- X-Ray Exam: Foot
- X-Ray Exam: Leg Length
- X-Ray Exam: Scoliosis
- X-Ray Exam: Elbow
- X-Ray Exam: Femur (Upper Leg)
- X-Ray Exam: Ankle
Trusted External Resources
Should I Worry About the Way My Son Walks?
My 15-month-old son walks with his feet turned in. My pediatrician assured me that it's normal and that he'll outgrow it. But I'm still worried. Won't walking this way hurt him? Will he be able to play sports? Isn't there something that doctors can do to straighten out his stride?
Many toddlers walk with their feet turned in, which is sometimes called "walking pigeon-toed." The medical name for it is in-toeing, and it usually corrects itself without any medical treatment. In most cases children go on to walk, run, and play sports without any problems.
In the past, special shoes and braces were used to treat in-toeing. But doctors found that these devices didn't make in-toeing disappear any faster, so they're rarely used now.
What causes in-toeing? As babies are growing in the womb, the tibia bones (the large bones between the knees and ankles) rotate inward to accommodate the baby's fit within the uterus. Sometimes the femur bones (the bones between the hips and knees) also turn inward. So when children are learning to walk, their feet often turn in.
In-toeing usually disappears as kids develop and improve walking skills, usually around 4 to 6 years old.
Since in-toeing usually disappears gradually, it can be difficult for parents to notice any improvement from day to day. Doctors often suggest that parents who are concerned about in-toeing take a video of the child walking (from the front and the back) and take another video 1 year later. By watching and comparing the videos it's easier to determine whether the in-toeing has improved. If it has not, talk with your doctor.
In some cases in-toeing is a sign of an injury or illness, and the child needs evaluation and possible treatment. Call the doctor if your child:
- is in-toeing and limping
- seems to have pain in the feet or legs
- is not learning to walk or talk as expected
- has in-toeing that is getting worse
- has one foot that turns in much more than the other
- is 3 years old and the in-toeing has not started to improve
Reviewed by: Rupal Christine Gupta, MD
Date reviewed: August 11, 2016