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From Nemours' KidsHealth
- Does Ritalin Have Side Effects?
- Marijuana: What Parents Need to Know
- 5 Ways to Bully-Proof Your Kid
- Helping Kids Deal With Bullies
- Your Child's Habits
- Taking Your Child to a Therapist
- Teaching Kids Not to Bully
- Talking to Your Child About Drugs
- Taming Tempers
- Developing Your Child's Self-Esteem
- 504 Education Plans
- Cough and Cold Medicine Abuse
- Helping Teens Who Cut
- Could ADHD Be Hereditary?
- Teaching Your Child Self-Control
- How Can I Help My Child Overcome Shyness?
- My Child Is Stealing
- Disciplining Your Toddler
- Disciplining Your Child
- Connecting With Your Preteen
- Helping Kids Cope With Cliques
- Individualized Education Programs (IEPs)
- Drugs: What Parents Need to Know
- Eating Disorders
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
- Oppositional Defiant Disorder Special Needs Factsheet
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Special Needs Factsheet
- ADHD Special Needs Factsheet
- What Is ADHD?
- Autism Special Needs Factsheet
- Cutting Special Needs Factsheet
- Kids and Alcohol
- About Teen Suicide
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Special Needs Factsheet
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Childhood Stress
- Temper Tantrums
- Social Phobia Special Needs Factsheet
- Separation Anxiety
- Anxiety, Fears, and Phobias
- Anxiety Disorders Special Needs Factsheet
- A to Z: Panic Disorder
Trusted External Resources
ADHD Special Needs Factsheet
What Teachers Should Know
ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) causes students to be more inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive than is normal for their age. ADHD can affect a student's behavior, learning, emotions, and relationships.
Some students with ADHD have received misguided scolding for not listening, not paying attention, or not trying. This can put them at risk for low self-esteem, depression, anger, or school failure. Teachers can help students learn to manage the issues ADHD causes and provide encouraging support.
What Teachers Can Do
- Reduce distractions by seating the student near you instead of a window.
- Talk with parents and ask for their help. Keep a daily journal of behavior and progress notes to share with parents.
- Teach the student how to use a scheduling and assignment book.
- Teach good study skills, including underlining, note-taking, and reading aloud to help with focus and information retention.
- Give clear, brief instructions.
- Break down larger tasks into smaller, more manageable pieces.
- Stay on the lookout for positive behaviors to praise, such as staying seated, not calling out, taking turns, etc.
- Pair the student with a buddy to do an end-of-day checklist so the right books, materials, and other important stuff go home.
- Be sensitive to self-esteem issues. Provide feedback to the student in private, and avoid asking the student to perform difficult tasks in front of classmates.
- Ask the school counselor, psychologist, or special-ed teacher to help design behavioral programs to address specific problems in the classroom.
- Allow the student to have brief, regularly scheduled exercise breaks. Find opportunities for the student to be active, such as standing while working on assignments or delivering materials to the principal's office.
Reviewed by: Shirin Hasan, MD
Date reviewed: November 16, 2017