Nerves are like messengers. They’re in constant touch with the body’s organs and muscles, delivering commands from the brain and bringing information back to it. When something goes wrong with the flow of information between the brain and the rest of the body, either because of an injury or a health condition, your child might need to see a pediatric neurologist (“nu-ROL-o-jist”) – a doctor who treats neurological disorders in children.
From Nemours' KidsHealth
- A to Z: Head Injury
- A to Z: Myelomeningocele
- Tourette Syndrome
- Tourette Syndrome Special Needs Factsheet
- Neurocutaneous Syndromes
- Migraines Special Needs Factsheet
- A to Z Symptom: Fainting
- EMG (Electromyogram)
- Epilepsy Special Needs Factsheet
- First Aid: Headaches
A to Z Symptom: Fainting
A to Z Symptom: Fainting
May also be called: Syncope; Swooning; Passing Out
More to Know
In most cases, fainting — or syncope (SIN-ko-pee) — is not a sign of a dangerous problem.
Fainting happens when not enough oxygen reaches the brain due to a fall in blood pressure. Common causes include dehydration, a quick change in position, standing or sitting still for a long period, becoming overheated, hyperventilation (overbreathing), low blood sugar, anemia, sudden fear of something (for example, the sight of blood), and some heart problems.
Most cases have warning signs (such as a change in vision, dizziness, nausea, or stomach pain) that happen a few seconds before passing out.
Fainting in children, especially teens, is common but shouldn't be ignored. Discuss it with your doctor, especially if it happens during exertion (exercising, running, etc.) or happens often. Fainting that's related to a heart problem often occurs during exercise and without warning and can include feelings of chest pain or the heart racing.
Fainting not related to the heart often can be prevented by drinking more liquids to increase the total amount of fluid in the bloodstream. Also, caffeine should be avoided. Sometimes, a doctor might recommend increasing salt in the diet as long as blood pressure is not borderline-high or high.
Keep in Mind
When warning signs of fainting happen, quickly sitting down, dropping the head between the knees, or lying down on the floor may help avoid a loss of consciousness. Then, gradually get up after the dizzy feeling has passed.
All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.
Date reviewed: April 28, 2017