Pediatric glaucoma is a rare condition characterized by damage to the optic nerve and usually caused by elevated internal eye pressure (or "intraocular pressure"). The optic nerve is responsible for sending vision from the eye to the brain.
Infantile or congenital glaucoma may be present from birth and is caused by problems in the development of the eye’s drainage system. The elevation in intraocular pressure that results can damage the optic nerve and cause severe vision loss. Juvenile glaucoma occurs in children older than age three and is caused by other problems that can lead to increased eye pressure.
What are the symptoms of pediatric glaucoma?
Some of the most common symptoms of childhood glaucoma that our Nemours pediatric ophthalmologists look for are:
sensitivity to light
a dull-looking iris caused by clouding of the cornea
Orbital cellulitis is a serious infection that affects the eye and its surrounding tissue and skin. It's more common in children than adults.
More to Know
The condition is often caused by bacteria that spread from a sinus infection or bacteria that enter through direct trauma to the eye.
People with orbital cellulitis may experience painful swelling and discoloration of the eyelids, poor vision, eye pain, difficulty moving the eye, and fever. It's important to see a doctor as soon as symptoms appear because the condition progresses quickly and can cause serious complications such as blindness, meningitis, and blood or brain infections.
People with orbital cellulitis are admitted to the hospital for treatment so doctors can run diagnostic tests, give antibiotics through a vein, and monitor patients closely. In some cases surgery is necessary to drain fluid from the infected area and relieve pressure. A full recovery can be expected if treatment starts quickly.
Keep in Mind
You can help prevent orbital cellulitis by making sure you and your family members get vaccinated to help prevent certain infections and treat all infections at their earliest onset. See your doctor immediately if there is eye swelling, eye pain, and fever.
All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.