Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children are fairly common and can affect the bladder or the kidney. If your child has a UTI, the infection will usually be treated with antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. Your doctor may refer your child for additional tests and an appointment with our Nemours pediatric urologists who specialize in treating both simple and complex urologic problems in children.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection caused by bacteria (germs) getting into the urinary tract. The urinary tract is a term for those parts of the body involved in making and passing urine, which include the kidneys, bladder, ureters (tubes which connect the kidneys and bladder) and the urethra (tube through which the urine exits the body).
Urinary tract infections in children are fairly common and can affect the lower tract (bladder) or the upper tract (kidney). By 5 years old, about 8% of girls and 1-2% of boys have had at least one UTI.
Causes and Signs of Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) in Children
Some causes of UTIs in children include poor toilet and hygiene habits (not wiping from front to back or cleaning the bottom area thoroughly), the use of bubble baths or strongly scented soaps that can irritate the urethra and lead to holding onto urine, a family history of UTIs, or vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) when urine flows backwards from the bladder to the ureters and kidneys.
In older children, UTIs may cause obvious complaints such as burning or pain with urination (peeing) but UTIs may be harder to detect in infants and young children because symptoms are less specific.
Be sure to contact your doctor if your child has any of these symptoms:
- persistent fever of unknown cause [100.4° Fahrenheit (38° Celsius) rectally in infants, or over 101° Fahrenheit (38.3° Celsius) in children]
- burning or pain when urinating
- frequent or urgent urination, and frequent urination at night
- strong-smelling, cloudy or bloody urine
- abdominal (especially below the navel), back or side pain
Sometimes, a fever is the only sign of a UTI.
Treating Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) in Children
After performing a physical exam and asking about symptoms, your child’s primary care doctor will take a urine sample to check for and identify bacteria causing the infection.
If your child has a UTI, the infection will usually be treated with antibiotics to kill the bacteria. Your doctor may refer your child for additional tests and an appointment with our Nemours pediatric urologists who specialize in treating both simple and complex urologic problems in children.
- photo ID
- medical and pharmacy insurance cards
- preferred pharmacy name and phone number
- names and dosage of all medications, including over-the-counter medication, your child is currently taking
- guardianship and custody papers, if a legal guardian rather than a parent accompanies your child
- Patient Presents Without Legal Guardian (PDF)
English | Spanish
Note: A parent or legal guardian must be with a child for a first visit.
Resources for Patients & Families
Our expertise in treating urinary tract infections (UTI) in children draws patient-families from around the country and world to Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children in Wilmington, Del., for our pediatric urology care.
We do our best to clearly explain treatment options, to answer your questions and address all of your concerns. Some of our pediatric urologists are fluent in other languages, including Spanish and Arabic languages.
Specialized Care for Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) in Children
Nemours urologists are board certified and fellowship trained in pediatric urology. This means that we have the expertise to diagnose and treat UTIs in infants, children and adolescents. See what we have to offer to help care for all your child’s urological condition at duPont Hospital for Children.
The Bladder Clinic
The clinic is led by our experienced and compassionate nurse practitioner who works in conjunction with our pediatric urologists to take care of your child’s bladder problems.
Our comprehensive program is specifically designed for the evaluation and management of urinary incontinence in kids, including voiding dysfunctions such as daytime wetting, urinary urgency and frequency, or nighttime bedwetting in
We understand that bladder problems can be embarrassing for children. We also know that developmental, emotional and behavioral issues can complicate dysfunctional elimination. We work to get to the heart of, and treat, all the medical and/or behavioral issues impacting a child’s inability to void normally.
Kidney and Bladder Care Program
Kidney and urinary issues are frequently inter-related, especially in children. For this reason, we implemented our Kidney and Bladder Care Program, which is staffed by a pediatric nephrologist and a pediatric urologist. Together, they can better evaluate and treat young patients with problems involving both the kidney and bladder. Here, you and your child have access to coordinated care from both board-certified specialists at the same time, on the same day. This approach provides added convenience for you, and also provides enhanced treatment planning between your child's doctors, nurses and your family.
Kidney and bladder care conditions we treat include:
- voiding dysfunction (when the bladder doesn’t empty normally, causing too-frequent urination, daytime accidents and/or nighttime bedwetting)
- congenital anomalies of the kidney and/or urinary tract
- hematuria (blood in the urine)
- obstructive uropathy (when urine can’t drain through a ureter — the tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder — backing urine up into the kidney and causing it to become swollen)
- kidney stones
- bone and mineral disorders
- chronic kidney disease
Help Before Your Baby is Born
Through Nemours Partners for Perinatal Management, our urologists work with expectant parents and their doctors to help evaluate congenital (present at birth) urological conditions, and develop a plan of care for before and after your baby
Learn More About Perinatal Testing & Specialty Consultations We Provide »
Expertise in Pediatric Urologic Surgery
Nemours pediatric urologists have been selected as some of the "Best Doctors in America®." As board-certified specialists, our surgeons are able to provide the latest treatments and techniques, including laparoscopic and minimally invasive procedures that help promote faster healing and return to normal activities.
Offering the Region’s Most Advanced Robotic-Assisted Technology
As the first children’s hospital in the Philadelphia and Delaware area to offer the most advanced version of the da Vinci® robotic-assisted surgical system, our surgeons use this latest generation technology to perform very precise, less invasive surgical procedures. Our da Vinci® Si™ robotic-assisted technology provides 3-D imagery and views at 15-times magnification. This makes a number of advantages possible for our patients, include smaller incisions and scars, faster healing time, and less pain.