View trusted insights from KidsHealth.org, the No. 1 most-viewed health site for children, created by the experts at Nemours. We've also provided information from the most-respected nonprofit organizations.
From Nemours' KidsHealth
- Preparing Your Child for Surgery
- Preparing Your Child for Anesthesia
- Should I Worry About the Way My Son Walks?
- Frequently Asked Questions About Casts
- A to Z: Fracture, Radius
- A to Z: Genu Varum
- A to Z: Fracture, Fibula
- A to Z: Fracture, Clavicle
- A to Z: Fracture, Distal Radius and Ulna
- A to Z: Fracture, Elbow
- Muscular Dystrophy
- Blount Disease
- Bones, Muscles, and Joints
- Common Childhood Orthopedic Conditions
- Growth Plate Injuries
- Limited Mobility Special Needs Factsheet
- A to Z: Kyphosis, Congenital
- A to Z: Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease
- A to Z: Kyphosis
- A to Z: Scoliosis
- A to Z: Abnormality of Gait (Gait Abnormality)
- When Your Child Needs a Cast
- Cerebral Palsy
- Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
- Broken Bones
- Broken Bones, Sprains, and Strains
- Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)
- Spina Bifida
- Physical Therapy
- In-toeing & Out-toeing in Toddlers
- X-Ray Exam: Ankle
- X-Ray Exam: Wrist
- X-Ray Exam: Forearm
- X-Ray Exam: Foot
- X-Ray Exam: Elbow
- X-Ray Exam: Femur (Upper Leg)
- X-Ray Exam: Hand
- X-Ray Exam: Hip
- X-Ray Exam: Humerus (Upper Arm)
- X-Ray Exam: Leg Length
- X-Ray Exam: Scoliosis
- A to Z: Clubfoot
Trusted External Resources
A to Z: Kyphosis
A to Z: Kyphosis
May also be called: Roundback or Hunchback
More to Know
Several types of kyphosis can affect kids and teens:
- Congenital kyphosis is a result of abnormal spinal development before a baby is born.
- Postural kyphosis happens when bones and muscles develop irregularly, possibly due to slouching or poor posture.
- Scheuermann's kyphosis, which can run in families, is caused by the wedging together of several vertebrae in a row and usually is seen in teens.
Kyphosis also can be due to neuromuscular, connective tissue, or endocrine problems.
Usually, mild kyphosis doesn't lead to any problems or need to be treated. Severe and visible cases of kyphosis, however, can be painful, cause problems in the lungs and other organs, or lead to emotional issues. In these cases a back brace, surgery, or physical therapy might be recommended.
Keep in Mind
Kids and teens with kyphosis can lead active, normal lives and usually won't have any restrictions placed on them. Sports and activities don't make kyphosis worse, so even after surgery it's OK for them to be active (while following their doctor's advice on how to do so safely).
All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.
Date reviewed: September 05, 2017