View trusted insights from KidsHealth.org, the No. 1 most-viewed health site for children, created by the experts at Nemours. We've also provided information from the most-respected nonprofit organizations.
From Nemours' KidsHealth
- Preparing Your Child for Surgery
- Preparing Your Child for Anesthesia
- Should I Worry About the Way My Son Walks?
- Frequently Asked Questions About Casts
- Broken Bones, Sprains, and Strains
- Blount Disease
- Bones, Muscles, and Joints
- Common Childhood Orthopedic Conditions
- Growth Plate Injuries
- A to Z: Abnormality of Gait (Gait Abnormality)
- When Your Child Needs a Cast
- Cerebral Palsy
- Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
- Broken Bones
- A to Z: Clubfoot
- A to Z: Kyphosis, Congenital
- A to Z: Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease
- A to Z: Kyphosis
- A to Z: Scoliosis
- A to Z: Fracture, Radius
- A to Z: Genu Varum
- A to Z: Fracture, Fibula
- A to Z: Fracture, Clavicle
- A to Z: Fracture, Distal Radius and Ulna
- A to Z: Fracture, Elbow
- Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)
- Spina Bifida
- Physical Therapy
- In-toeing & Out-toeing in Toddlers
- Limited Mobility Special Needs Factsheet
- Muscular Dystrophy
- X-Ray Exam: Ankle
- X-Ray Exam: Wrist
- X-Ray Exam: Forearm
- X-Ray Exam: Foot
- X-Ray Exam: Elbow
- X-Ray Exam: Femur (Upper Leg)
- X-Ray Exam: Hand
- X-Ray Exam: Hip
- X-Ray Exam: Humerus (Upper Arm)
- X-Ray Exam: Leg Length
- X-Ray Exam: Scoliosis
Trusted External Resources
A to Z: Scoliosis
A to Z: Scoliosis
Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature in the spine, often in the shape of a "C" or "S."
More to Know
Signs of scoliosis usually appear between the ages of 10 and 14, just before the onset of puberty.
Someone with too much spinal curvature will usually have uneven hips or shoulders (one side is higher than the other) or one shoulder blade that sticks out farther than the other.
Usually, the cause of scoliosis is unknown and occurs in otherwise healthy kids and adolescents. But it also can affect those with conditions such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy. Scoliosis tends to run in families, and girls are much more likely to develop severe cases.
Most of the time, scoliosis is mild enough that it doesn't interfere with everyday life and can be left untreated. In some cases, doctors will have someone with scoliosis wear a back brace.
If the curve gets severe, it can be visible and cause discomfort. It can also lead to other health problems, possibly affecting the lungs, heart, and joints. In these instances, surgery can correct the problem.
Keep in Mind
Most cases of scoliosis don't require treatment, but even when they do, kids and teens usually can resume an active life after treatment.
All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.
Date reviewed: September 05, 2017