Hearing Loss

A mother and an infant with hearing loss

Most children who are born with a hearing loss can be diagnosed through a hearing screening. In other cases, hearing loss in children is caused by factors like infections or trauma, and the problem doesn’t emerge until later. At Nemours, we take a team approach to caring for your child, using the most innovative pediatric assessment techniques to determine a child’s hearing needs.

Read More About Hearing Loss in Children

Early identification and management of hearing loss in children is crucial to minimizing delays in speech, language and cognitive development. Team members from different specialties across Nemours collaborate to create solutions to treat and meet your child’s needs.

Health professionals who may be involved with diagnosis and treatment of hearing loss in children include:
  • audiologists
  • ear, nose and throat (ENT) doctors
  • speech and language pathologists
  • behavioral health experts
  • deaf educators
  • neurologists (doctors who treat problems of the nervous system)
  • geneticists

We also strive to make things as easy and convenient as possible for you and your child. For example, because our doctors and therapists are all under one roof, your child can often have multiple appointments scheduled in one day.

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Nemours Children's Hospital, Orlando

13535 Nemours Parkway
Orlando, FL 32827
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Learn More About This Location »

For Appointments: (407) 650-7715
Hours: Monday–Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.

View Doctors
To find out which providers serve this location, please call the main number above.


  • Nicole Becker, AuD
  • Teryl Camus, AuD
  • Elyssa McRae, AuD
  • John Ray, MS, MA, CCC-A
  • Teresa Tracy, AuD
  • Victoria Walkup-Pierce, AuD, PhD
What to Bring
  • photo ID
  • medical and pharmacy insurance cards
  • preferred pharmacy name and phone number
  • names and dosage of all medications, including over-the-counter medication, your child is currently taking
  • guardianship and custody papers, if a legal guardian rather than a parent accompanies your child
New Patients

Bring these forms for your first appointment:

Returning Patients
  • Patient Presents Without Legal Guardian (PDF)
    English | Spanish
    Note: A parent or legal guardian must be with a child for a first visit.
Forms & Resources
New Patient Forms
Returning Patient Forms
  • Patient Presents Without Legal Guardian (PDF)
    English | Spanish
    Note: A parent or legal guardian must be with a child for a first visit.
Resources for Patients & Families

Hearing loss is very common in children. If your child has trouble hearing, our experts can help. Our board-certified pediatric physicians — including otolaryngologists, otologists and neurotologists — are fellowship-trained to evaluate, diagnose and treat children of all ages with hearing loss. For your convenience, many of our ENT doctors, certified audiologists and speech pathologists also see kids at Nemours specialty care locations in Lake Mary and Melbourne.

Learn More About Audiology and Hearing Services at Nemours Children’s Hospital »

Hearing Loss and Auditory Disorders in Children

If your child has hearing loss, it can affect their speech and learning development. Early identification and management is important. Types of hearing loss can include sensorineural (resulting from genetics, or due to infection or a chronic condition, etc.), noise-induced and mixed hearing loss. What’s perceived as symptoms of hearing loss can also be the result of an auditory disorder.

Auditory Processing Disorders

Children with auditory processing disorder or "APD" (also called central auditory processing disorder or "CAPD") have trouble analyzing or making sense out of what they hear. Most kids with APD do not have hearing loss, rather they have difficulty identifying the differences between sounds in words. Some kids with CAPD may have a hard time paying attention, especially in noisy places, and they may experience challenges with reading, writing, speech or language.

Learn More About Central Auditory Processing Disorder Services at Nemours Children’s Hospital »

Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorders

Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) occurs when sound enters the inner ear normally, but signals sent to the brain are scrambled. Abnormal nerve function can make it hard for kids to tell one sound from another and to understand speech. Most kids with ANSD are born with it, but symptoms can develop at any age.

Learn More About Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder Services at Nemours Children’s Hospital »

How We Treat Hearing Loss in Children

At Nemours, we work closely with you as well as care providers from different specialties, if needed, and use advanced pediatric testing techniques and equipment to determine your child’s hearing needs.

Assistive Technology for Hearing Loss

Hearing aids are the most common treatment for hearing loss in children. They amplify sounds by using a small microphone, amplifier and receiver. At Nemours, ENT specialists fit hearing aids for children of all ages, including infants and teens. Our program is designed to closely monitor your child and provide comprehensive, long-term support and care.

Types of Hearing Aids for Children

There are several types of hearing aids. Some are worn on the body, while others fit behind the ear or inside the ear. If your child has hearing loss in both ears, two hearing aids are usually worn. No single style is best — hearing aids should be selected based on your child's individual needs. Options include:

  • behind-the-ear (BTE): a common choice for children, because they are flexible and allow for ear growth. They can be used for all degrees of hearing loss, from slight to profound (severe).
  • in-the-ear (ITE): these hearing aids are custom made to fit into the concha (the bowl of the ear) and the ear canal.
  • in-the-canal (ITC): devices custom made to fit in the ear canal only.
Frequency Modulated (FM) Systems

Hearing aids are the best all-around solution for kids with hearing loss, but other assistive listening devices (ALDs), like frequency-modulated (FM) systems, can help children who are not helped by hearing aids or who have trouble hearing in noisy settings. FM systems can also be used by children with hearing aids.

Implantable Bone Conduction Hearing Devices

We offer two implantable (surgically placed) hearing devices for children five years of age or older with conductive or mixed hearing loss. These devices also help children with single-sided deafness. Both devices can also be worn externally in a softband if your child is younger than five years old.

Bone-Anchored Hearing Aid (BAHA)

The bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) is a surgically implanted device designed to stimulate the cochlea by transmitting sound waves though the bones (bone conduction), and bypassing the outer and middle ear.

Sophono Bone Conduction Hearing System

The Sophono is an innovative, abutment-free device which uses small implantable magnets to send sound vibrations directly to your child’s ear. A minor surgical procedure places small magnets against the skull, just under the skin. A processor is then fitted about four weeks after the system is implanted.

Cochlear Implants for Children

In cases where hearing loss is severe and even the most powerful hearing aids can't amplify the sound enough, a cochlear implant may be recommended.

How Cochlear Implants Work

Cochlear implants are surgically implanted devices that bypass the damaged inner ear and send signals directly to the auditory nerve. A small microphone behind the ear picks up sound waves and sends them to a receiver that is placed under the scalp. This receiver then transmits impulses directly to the auditory nerve. These signals are perceived as sound and allow a child to hear.

Our Cochlear Implant Team

Our cochlear implant team includes experienced doctors and specialists who conduct evaluations and provide surgery and pre- and post-implant care, including programming and rehabilitation. We are dedicated to creating solutions that meet your child’s unique needs and providing long-term care and support for you and your family.

Auditory-Verbal Therapy for Children

In addition to improving your child’s hearing through the use of hearing aids and other amplification devices like cochlear implants, your child may also benefit from auditory-verbal therapy provided by certified speech and language therapists (also called speech pathologists). Auditory-verbal therapy teaches your child to use their residual hearing, and their hearing aids or cochlear implants, to understand speech and speak clearly.

Goals of Auditory-Verbal Therapy

The goal of auditory-verbal therapy is to help your child sharpen their communications skills through innovative and interactive methods, so they can attend school, enjoy socializing and lead a happy and fulfilling life.