Nephrology (Kidney Health)

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A child may be born with a kidney condition or acquire one through disease or infection. Our pediatric nephrology (kidney care) specialists evaluate and treat a wide range of kidney (renal) problems in children, including urinary tract infection, high blood pressure and kidney damage caused by diseases such as acute glomerulonephritis, lupus nephritis and chronic kidney disease.

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Some of the kidney problems we evaluate include:
  • hematuria: blood in the urine
  • proteinuria: protein in the urine
  • kidney stones
  • urinary tract infections
  • bedwetting: called enuresis
  • dysfunctional voiding: a group of bladder symptoms that may occur together and include frequent urination during the day, urinary accidents during the day, the urge to urinate and an inability to sense when the bladder is full
  • high blood pressure: referred to as hypertension
  • nephrotic syndrome: a group of symptoms that occur together and include edema or body swelling, protein in the urine, low blood protein levels and high blood cholesterol
  • polycystic kidney disease: a hereditary disorder in which multiple cysts, at least two or more, form in both kidneys
  • renal tubular acidosis: a condition that involves an accumulation of acid in the body due to the kidneys’ failure to filter urine properly
  • glomerulonephritis: inflammation of the glomeruli, the structures inside the kidney that help to filter the blood
  • effects of structural birth defects on the formation of the urinary tract: hydronephrosis (swollen kidney), obstruction (blockage), vesicoureteral reflux and renal agenesis (born with one kidney)
  • multicystic kidney disease: abnormal fetal development that leads to the development of multiple cysts in the place where a kidney should be
  • Fanconi syndrome: a disorder of the small kidney tubes in which certain substances normally absorbed into the bloodstream by the kidneys are released into the urine instead
  • acute renal insufficiency: a rapid, sudden decrease of kidney function due to damage, inflammation or injury
  • chronic kidney disease: a slow worsening of kidney function over time due to disease
  • end-stage renal disease (ESRD)/chronic kidney disease stage 5: when chronic kidney disease has progressed to the point that the kidneys are completely or almost completely unable to remove water and clean the blood of toxins
  • systemic lupus erythematosus: autoimmune disease (when the body’s immune system reacts against itself) associated with kidney problems such as hematuria, proteinuria, hypertension and/or glomerulonephritis


Nemours Children's Specialty Care, Melbourne

1270 N. Wickham Road
Melbourne, FL 32935
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For Appointments: (407) 650-7715

Hours: May vary; please call
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Schedule a new patient nephrology appointment.



What to Bring
  • photo ID
  • medical and pharmacy insurance cards
  • preferred pharmacy name and phone number
  • names and dosage of all medications, including over-the-counter medication, your child is currently taking
  • guardianship and custody papers, if a legal guardian rather than a parent accompanies your child
Helpful Resources
Resources for Patients & Families

Pediatric nephrology specialists (called nephrologists or kidney specialists) based out of the Nemours Children’s Hospital, Orlando travel to Nemours Children’s Specialty Care, Melbourne to provide consultation, evaluation and treatment for children with a wide range of kidney problems including kidney stones and chronic kidney disease.

Because many kidney problems overlap other diseases, we often work closely with pediatric:

  • urologists (urinary doctors)
  • rheumatologists (specialists in joint diseases)
  • oncologists (cancer doctors)
  • hematologists (blood disorder specialists)

Together, we create the most up-to-date and effective treatment plan for your child.

Diagnosing and Treating Children With Kidney Problems

Diagnosing children with kidney problems may require:

  • urine tests
  • blood tests
  • medical imaging
  • nuclear medicine studies
  • biopsy

At Nemours, we offer a number of different treatment options for children with kidney problems. Depending on the condition, we may recommend:

  • dietary and nutrition changes
  • medications
  • surgery
  • dialysis
  • kidney transplant

For children with chronic kidney disease stage 5 or end-stage renal disease, dialysis (using a machine to help the kidneys filter blood) and kidney transplant are treatment options. Patients requiring dialysis or hospitalization are admitted to the Nemours Children’s Hospital in Lake Nona.

Learn More About Dialysis and Nephrology at Nemours Children's Hospital »