Nephrology (Kidney Health)

mom and daughter rubbing noses

A child may be born with a kidney condition or acquire one through disease or infection. Our pediatric nephrology (kidney care) specialists evaluate and treat a wide range of kidney (renal) problems in children, including urinary tract infection, high blood pressure, and kidney damage caused by diseases such as acute glomerulonephritis, lupus nephritis, and chronic kidney disease.

 
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Some of the kidney problems we evaluate include:
  • hematuria (blood in the urine)
  • proteinuria (protein in the urine)
  • kidney stones
  • urinary tract infections
  • bedwetting (enuresis)
  • dysfunctional voiding: a group of bladder symptoms that may occur together and include frequent urination during the day, urinary accidents during the day, the urge to urinate, and an inability to sense when the bladder is full
  • high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • nephrotic syndrome: a group of symptoms that occur together and include edema or body swelling, protein in the urine, low blood protein levels, and high blood cholesterol
  • polycystic kidney disease: a hereditary disorder in which multiple cysts, at least two or more, form in both kidneys
  • renal tubular acidosis: a condition that involves an accumulation of acid in the body due to the kidneys’ failure to filter urine properly
  • glomerulonephritis: inflammation of the glomeruli, the structures inside the kidney that help to filter the blood
  • effects of structural birth defects on the formation of the urinary tract such as hydronephrosis (swollen kidney), obstruction (blockage), vesicoureteral reflux, and renal agenesis (born with one kidney)
  • multicystic kidney disease: abnormal fetal development that leads to the development of multiple cysts in the place where a kidney should be
  • Fanconi syndrome: a disorder of the small kidney tubes in which certain substances normally absorbed into the bloodstream by the kidneys are released into the urine instead
  • acute renal insufficiency: a rapid, sudden decrease of kidney function due to damage, inflammation, or injury
  • chronic kidney disease: a slow worsening of kidney function over time due to disease
  • end-stage renal disease (ESRD)/chronic kidney disease stage 5: when chronic kidney disease has progressed to the point that the kidneys are completely or almost completely unable to remove water and clean the blood of toxins
  • systemic lupus erythematosus: autoimmune disease (when the body’s immune system reacts against itself) associated with kidney problems such as hematuria, proteinuria, hypertension, and/or glomerulonephritis