About Institutional Review Boards
An Institutional Review Board (IRB) is a committee of scientists, non-scientists, and community members who are required by federal law to review all research involving humans as study participants.
The IRB’s job is to determine if the research complies with federal and state regulations regarding the protection of human research participants. This includes assuring that:
- the study will be conducted in an ethical manner
- it has scientific merit
- the risks of the research are outweighed by the benefits
An IRB may approve, disapprove, or require revisions to the research it reviews, and it must review all ongoing research at least once each year.