Pathology (Lab Services)

a pediatric pathology lab assistant

Although a medical history and a physical exam can give doctors a lot of information about your child’s condition, in some cases pediatric pathology (lab work) gives a more complete picture of what’s going on inside your child’s body. We provide many different kinds of testing for kids of all ages, from birth to adolescence, in inpatient or outpatient care.

Learn More About Pediatric Pathology
Your child’s doctor may order lab work for any number of reasons:
  • to help diagnose an illness or condition
  • to monitor an illness
  • to determine whether treatment is working
  • to see how well your child’s organs are functioning
Commonly performed tests include:
  • blood and body fluid tests, including complete blood count; coagulation (blood clotting) testing; blood typing and antibody screening; arterial blood gas tests; blood electrolytes; and chemistries (glucose, protein, etc.) from serum, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, and joint fluid
  • drug therapy monitoring
  • cultures: tests that can identify infection by checking for the growth of bacteria or viruses; antigen tests of the blood, throat, urine, spinal fluid, stool, or wound drainage
  • sweat testing to look for evidence of cystic fibrosis

What is Pathology?

The specialty of pathology focuses on analyzing specimens to look for clues about the nature and cause of disease through microscopic changes in cells or tissues.

Our pediatric pathology testing ranges from the routine to the complex:
  • evaluation of organ tissue removed during surgery
  • evaluation of tissue obtained from biopsy
  • other special tests performed on histological specimens such as the demonstration of tissue antigens and gene markers
  • genetic and chromosomal analysis
  • blood and bone marrow transplant specimen processing

Nemours’ onsite pediatric pathology lab is staffed with highly-qualified physicians who are board certified in pathology. They analyze a variety of specimens using the latest in equipment. This technology allows us to get the most accurate results on the smallest sample.

Nemours Children's Hospital, Orlando

13535 Nemours Parkway
Orlando, FL 32827
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Location: Ground Floor

For Appointments: (407) 650-7715

What to Bring
  • photo ID
  • medical and pharmacy insurance cards
  • preferred pharmacy name and phone number
  • names and dosage of all medications, including over-the-counter medication, your child is currently taking
  • guardianship and custody papers, if a legal guardian rather than a parent accompanies your child
Helpful Resources
Resources for Patients & Families

The Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine (Lab Services) at Nemours Children’s Hospital provides a wide array of pediatric pathology (anatomic and clinical) laboratory testing. Using the newest-generation laboratory technology, our pediatric pathologists examine a wide range of samples and specimens to help specialists make the best diagnostic and treatment decisions.

We are committed to delivering the most accurate, timely, and quality diagnostic services which directly impact the care your child receives at Nemours. Most specimens are analyzed in our onsite, state-of-the-art lab which operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. For many basic emergency tests, results are typically available in less than an hour.

Our pediatric pathologists evaluate test results for a wide range of conditions, including, but not limited to:
  • disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, pancreas, and bile ducts
  • infectious diseases
  • bone, joint, and metabolic diseases
  • endocrine and rheumatic diseases
  • leukemia, lymphoma, and other disorders of blood and bone marrow
  • benign and malignant solid tumors (such as neuroblastoma)

In addition to collecting lab specimens for analysis (the activity we’re known for by most patients and families), we also consult with physicians in a variety of pediatric subspecialties, including gastrointestinal medicine, pediatric oncology (cancer and tumors), surgical pathology, infectious diseases, as well as placental and perinatal pathology.

Our Pediatric Pathology (Lab) Services

Learn what to expect and the services we have to offer when you bring your child to our Pathology department at Nemours Children’s Hospital.

How We Draw Blood and Collect Samples from Your Child

We are highly skilled in collecting pediatric specimens. Our specially trained phlebotomists (technicians who draw blood) are experts at pediatric blood drawing and know how to put children at ease.

We’ve found that by explaining in an honest, age-appropriate way exactly what’s going to happen, children are better able to tolerate most procedures — and that makes the whole process more comfortable for everyone, including parents. In addition, we use the smallest possible needles to draw blood and collect the smallest amount necessary to perform the test.

Where to Go for Your Child's Lab Work

For your convenience, we have an outpatient specimen collection area located on the ground floor of the hospital. All our specimen collection rooms are specially outfitted for children and families. Just check in at the desk in the commons area and you’ll be escorted to one of the rooms.

Though we perform blood drawing and other tests by appointment, we can often coordinate your child’s lab visit with another appointment, often on the same day. Our patient service representatives are happy to check if your insurance covers our lab services.

When You Can Expect Results

The professionals at our Pathology department know that a correct and appropriate diagnosis is the key to correct and appropriate treatment for your child so we focus on providing top quality results that you and your child’s physician can rely on. While we try to make these results available quickly, sometimes it takes a while.

Results can be available rapidly for some urgent tests, such as those associated with critical care, bone marrow transplant, or cancer patients, as well as children with certain infectious diseases. More detailed tests, such as some types of genetic testing, could take longer. When it comes to your child’s test results, please be aware that we strive always for both accuracy and speed without sacrificing either.

We will either call test results in to your child’s doctor or report them via our secure, state-of-the-art electronic medical record system. This allows all doctors involved in your child’s care to stay on top of any new developments. Test results that might be a concern are called to the doctor or nurse involved with your child’s care right away. Your child’s doctor or other member of the care team will share the results with you.