Pediatric Rheumatology

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Rheumatology

Kids' Muscle, Joint & Autoimmune Experts


Pediatric rheumatology doctor talks to girl and her mom

Nemours pediatric rheumatologists specialize in diagnosing and treating joint, muscle and bone diseases that can cause pain, swelling, stiffness and deformity. They also can affect kids’ eyes, skin, internal organs and nervous system. Rheumatic diseases are often autoimmune conditions (when the body’s system for fighting infection and foreign cells sends inflammation to areas of the body when it’s not needed, causing damage or symptoms). Diagnosis and treatment can be complex, so our pediatric rheumatologists work with other Nemours specialists to create a comprehensive plan of care that addresses all of your child’s symptoms.

Conditions We Treat

Conditions We Treat


Our recognized experts are on the leading edge of diagnosing and treating juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), formerly called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) — the most common type of arthritis in children. At Nemours, our specialists can diagnose and manage nearly all pediatric rheumatic diseases. The goal is to decrease or eliminate symptoms so your child can get back to being active.

We see a full spectrum of conditions — far too many to list here. The conditions we treat vary depending upon the location and providers selected. Don’t see a condition listed? Call us.

  • acute rheumatic fever (inflammation, with fever, as joint pain and tenderness) 
  • amplified musculoskeletal pain syndrome (severe pain throughout the body or in a specific area)
  • ankylosing spondylitis (inflammation of the spine and joints, causing stiffness and pain)
  • autoinflammatory syndromes (a group of conditions that can cause episodes of rash and fever)
  • benign hypermobility syndrome (very loose joints that cause joint pain)
  • fibromyalgia (widespread pain in the muscles, joints and other soft tissues of the body)
  • juvenile dermatomyositis (redness and scaling of the skin with muscle weakness)
  • juvenile idiopathic arthritis (an autoimmune disorder that causes joint pain, swelling and warm joints)
  • Kawasaki disease (involves fever and the skin, mouth and lymph nodes, and most often affects kids under age 5)
  • lupus (also called systemic lupus erythematosus or SLE — a chronic disease marked by muscle and joint pain and inflammation)
  • Lyme disease (leading tick-borne disease that can affect the skin, joints, nervous system and other organ systems)
  • mixed connective tissue disease (features symptoms of multiple rheumatic conditions)
  • noninflammatory musculoskeletal pain (pain in the muscles, bones and joints without swelling)
  • psoriatic arthritis (arthritis in children with the skin condition psoriasis)
  • reactive arthritis (joint swelling and pain caused by a bacterial infection)
  • rheumatic fever (may develop after a streptococcus “strep throat” infection)
  • sarcoidosis (when nodules form in the skin or other tissues)
  • scleroderma (also called systemic sclerosis, an autoimmune disorder that hardens the skin)
  • Sjogren’s syndrome (affects the whole body, causing fatigue, joint pain, dry eyes and mouth)
  • systemic lupus erythematosus (or SLE, a chronic inflammation of joints, tendons and some internal organs)
  • vasculitic disorders (also called vasculitides, conditions that cause inflammation of the blood vessels)
Why Choose Us

Why Choose Us


Rheumatology in children is much different than in adults. Not only are their bodies still growing and changing, but kids have different social and emotional challenges that only a pediatric team can fully address. At Nemours, your child benefits from a team approach to care that may include board-certified pediatric rheumatologists, social workers, psychologists, nurse practitioners and registered nurses who specialize in treating rheumatic disorders. Because rheumatic disorders can affect other areas of the body, our team also works closely with experts from many other specialties, as needed, to give your child the best long-term management plan as they grow.

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Nemours now offers scheduled specialist appointments through live video chat. Ask your doctor if this is an option for your family.

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Research & Clinical Trials

At Nemours, we’re actively researching new approaches for childhood disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment.

KidsHealth Library

Learn more about your child’s medical condition from the experts at Nemours’ KidsHealth.