The smaller and more premature a baby is at birth, the greater the risk for developing retinopathy of prematurity. ROP may go away on its own without any problems. But babies need surgery if ROP causes scarring and pulls the retina away from the rest of the eye.
If your baby needs an operation, our eye surgeons can often stop the abnormal vessel growth with laser surgery. Also called “laser therapy” or “photocoagulation,” laser surgery uses precisely targeted laser beams instead of a scalpel.
For more advanced cases where the retina is detached, treatment may involve:
- scleral buckling, placing a flexible band (usually made of silicone) around the eye
- vitrectomy, replacing the vitreous (clear gel in the center of the eye) with a saline solution
At Nemours, our children’s eye care teams will treat your baby as we would our own. Their safety and comfort are our top priorities.