View trusted insights from KidsHealth.org, the No. 1 most-viewed health site for children, created by the experts at Nemours.
From Nemours' KidsHealth
- Preparing Your Child for Surgery
- Frequently Asked Questions About Casts
- Should I Worry About the Way My Son Walks?
- A to Z: Abnormality of Gait (Gait Abnormality)
- Blount Disease
- Broken Bones
- Bones, Muscles, and Joints
- When Your Child Needs a Cast
- Cerebral Palsy
- Preparing Your Child for Anesthesia
- Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
- Common Childhood Orthopedic Conditions
- Physical Therapy
- Broken Bones, Sprains, and Strains
- Muscular Dystrophy
- Spina Bifida
- X-Ray Exam: Hand
- X-Ray Exam: Forearm
- X-Ray Exam: Hip
- X-Ray Exam: Humerus (Upper Arm)
- X-Ray Exam: Foot
- X-Ray Exam: Leg Length
- X-Ray Exam: Scoliosis
- X-Ray Exam: Ankle
- X-Ray Exam: Wrist
- X-Ray Exam: Elbow
- X-Ray Exam: Femur (Upper Leg)
- Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)
- Limited Mobility Special Needs Factsheet
- A to Z: Clubfoot
- A to Z: Fracture, Clavicle
- A to Z: Fracture, Distal Radius and Ulna
- A to Z: Genu Varum
- A to Z: Fracture, Fibula
- A to Z: Fracture, Radius
- A to Z: Fracture, Elbow
- A to Z: Kyphosis, Congenital
- A to Z: Kyphosis
- A to Z: Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease
- A to Z: Scoliosis
- In-toeing & Out-toeing in Toddlers
- Growth Plate Injuries
A to Z: Kyphosis
A to Z: Kyphosis
May also be called: Roundback or Hunchback
More to Know
Several types of kyphosis can affect kids and teens:
- Congenital kyphosis is a result of abnormal spinal development before a baby is born.
- Postural kyphosis happens when bones and muscles develop irregularly, possibly due to slouching or poor posture.
- Scheuermann's kyphosis, which can run in families, is caused by the wedging together of several vertebrae in a row and usually is seen in teens.
Kyphosis also can be due to neuromuscular, connective tissue, or endocrine problems.
Usually, mild kyphosis doesn't lead to any problems or need to be treated. Severe and visible cases of kyphosis, however, can be painful, cause problems in the lungs and other organs, or lead to emotional issues. In these cases a back brace, surgery, or physical therapy might be recommended.
Keep in Mind
Kids and teens with kyphosis can lead active, normal lives and usually won't have any restrictions placed on them. Sports and activities don't make kyphosis worse, so even after surgery it's OK for them to be active (while following their doctor's advice on how to do so safely).
All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.
Date reviewed: September 05, 2017