Hydrocephalus

Skip Navigation
Back to top

Hydrocephalus


Advanced Surgery and Care for Pediatric Hydrocephalus


Hydrocephalus (pronounced “hi-droh-SEF-eh-less”) is a condition that makes extra spinal fluid build up in the hollow areas around the brain, causing pressure and swelling in the head. Often called “water on the brain,” hydrocephalus can be congenital (present at birth) or acquired (occur over time). It can happen to a child at any age, even a fetus growing in the womb. Although the cause isn’t always known, it usually happens due to a medical problem so it’s important to diagnose it as soon as possible. At Nemours, our goal is to treat the urgent symptoms, and find the reason for the hydrocephalus. Then we work together to make a plan for your child’s long-term health and development.  

Learn More About Hydrocephalus 

Conditions We Treat That May Cause Hydrocephalus

Conditions We Treat That May Cause Hydrocephalus


  • aqueductal stenosis (when the spinal fluid flow between the ventricles is blocked)
  • Chiari malformation 
  • complications from prematurity (being born early)
  • infections in the brain (like meningitis)
  • spina bifida 
  • traumatic injuries (to the brain or spinal cord)
  • tumors or cysts in the brain (cancer or benign)
Services We Offer for Hydrocephalus

Services We Offer for Hydrocephalus


Our pediatric neurosurgeons, neurologists and neuroradiologists (doctors who specialize in imaging of the brain) are experts at recognizing the signs and symptoms of pediatric hydrocephalus in children of all ages — even those still in the womb. We offer a range of diagnostic and treatment options for kids with hydrocephalus, which may vary depending on the location you visit and the doctor your child sees:

Why Choose Us for Hydrocephalus

Why Choose Us for Hydrocephalus


Hydrocephalus is probably the most common reason for neurosurgery in children. At Nemours, our highly skilled neurosurgeons are experienced in performing endoscopic (minimally invasive) surgery for smaller incisions and faster healing. For the longer term, whether your child needs more operations or has other developmental needs as they grow, our experts use proven treatments to address your child’s immediate needs, and then develop a plan for further care.

We also offer:

  • world-class facilities featuring the most advanced diagnostic techniques and equipment 
  • customized treatment plans based on research and commonly accepted best care practices
  • fully equipped neurosurgery operating rooms
  • innovative surgical techniques that minimize surgery risks, recovery time and pain

Learn More About Why to Choose Us »

Regional Hydrocephalus Highlights

Services, programs, facilities and care teams for hidrocephalus differ at each location. Call for details.

Best children's hospital for neurosurgery

We offer complete pediatric hydrocephalus care at Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children (Wilmington, Del.), named one of the best children’s hospitals in the country for neurology and neurosurgery by U.S. News & World Report .

Our Nemours Partners for Perinatal Management can help parents-to-be plan ahead, prepare and determine next steps for their baby’s possible fetal diagnosis, including hydrocephalus.

We offer complete pediatric hydrocephalus care at Nemours Children’s Hospital (Orlando) and select Nemours Children’s Specialty Care satellite locations.

Our Nemours Center for Fetal Care is available at multiple locations throughout Central Florida to coordinate fetal tests, imaging and consults to help expecting mothers make the best decisions on many different health conditions, including hydrocephalus. 

research icon

Research & Clinical Trials

At Nemours, we’re actively researching new approaches for childhood disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment.

kidshealth icon

KidsHealth Library

Learn more about your child’s medical condition from the experts at Nemours’ KidsHealth.