When it comes to your child’s eyes, high-quality care is of the utmost importance. That’s because many vision problems and eye diseases can be corrected if detected and treated early. Pediatric eye problems are often very different from adult eye diseases and pediatric ophthalmologists (eye doctors who are also surgeons) are specially trained to manage and treat children's eye conditions.
Pediatric Eye Problems We Treat
- amblyopia (lazy eye: with one weak eye and one strong one)
- blocked tear ducts and defects (from the ducts not forming correctly)
- pediatric glaucoma (damage to the optic nerve from a build-up of pressure in the eye)
- pediatric cataract (a clouding of the eye’s lens)
- eye injuries
- ptosis (drooping eyelid)
- refractive errors (nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism)
- retinopathy of prematurity (a disease that occurs in premature babies and causes abnormal blood vessels to grow in the retina)
- retinoblastoma (a type of tumor involving the retina)
- retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and other retinal dystrophies (diseases that cause damage to the retina
- strabismus (wandering eye or “cross eyes”)
Signs of Pediatric Eye Problems
Children whose parents or siblings have eye conditions, such as strabismus or amblyopia, are more likely to have these eye disorders themselves, even if they don't have obvious signs of pediatric eye problems.
If your child has a certain medical condition such as diabetes, or a genetic disease like neurofibromatosis, it's a good idea to have regular pediatric eye exams with a pediatric ophthalmologist.
Early signs of serious pediatric eye problems, which should be evaluated by a doctor, include:
- poor vision
- eye pain
- changes in the shape or size of an eye
- crossed or wandering eyes
- abnormal appearance of the pupil of one or both eyes
Genetic conditions can often cause eye problems in children. In these cases, our pediatric ophthalmologists collaborate with multi-disciplinary Nemours teams who treat children with genetic syndromes.
If your child is healthy and has no known risk factors for pediatric eye problems, then age-appropriate screening examinations with your primary care provider should be sufficient. If further evaluations are indicated, your child can be referred to our ophthalmologists as needed.
For Appointments: (407) 650-7715
- photo ID
- medical and pharmacy insurance cards
- preferred pharmacy name and phone number
- names and dosage of all medications, including over-the-counter medication, your child is currently taking
- guardianship and custody papers, if a legal guardian rather than a parent accompanies your child
Bring these forms for your first appointment:
New Patient Forms
Returning Patient Forms
- Patient Presents Without Legal Guardian (PDF)
English | Spanish
Note: A parent or legal guardian must be with a child for a first visit.
Resources for Patients & Families
Pediatric ophthalmologists at Nemours Children’s Hospital in Orlando are experts in pediatric eye problems and pediatric eye surgery. Our Nemours ophthalmologists, who treat all kinds of pediatric eye problems, are board-certified and fellowship-trained pediatric specialists who care for kids from birth to age 18. For your convenience, some of our specialists also see patients at our Nemours Children’s Specialty Care locations in downtown Orlando, Lake Mary and Viera.
- Learn More About Pediatric Ophthalmology at Nemours Children’s Hospital
- Learn More About Eye Surgery and Other Children’s Health Topics at Nemours’ KidsHealth.org
Our pediatric ophthalmology team is trained and equipped to diagnose and treat vision problems in children with developmental disabilities and physical limitations.