Pediatric Nephrology

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Nephrology (Kidney Health)

Expert Care for Kids’ Kidney Conditions


A Nemours specialist examines a Nephrology patient

Nemours pediatric nephrology (kidney care) specialists evaluate and treat children and teens with kidney (renal) problems. Our nephrologists also work closely with teams built around your child’s condition that may include other specialists such as neonatologistsurologistspediatric general surgeons and anyone else your child may need to see. We work together to help manage kids’ diets, medications, dialysis and kidney transplants. 

Learn More About Kidney Disease

Conditions We Treat

Conditions We Treat


We see a full spectrum of conditions — far too many to list here. The conditions we treat vary depending upon the location and providers selected. Don’t see a condition listed? Call us.

  • acute renal insufficiency (a rapid, sudden decrease of kidney function from damage, inflammation or injury)
  • bedwetting (enuresis)
  • bone and mineral disorders
  • chronic kidney disease (when kidney function gets slowly worse over time due to disease) 
  • end-stage renal disease (ESRD or “chronic kidney disease stage 5,” when chronic kidney disease has progressed so much that the kidneys are completely or almost completely unable to remove water and filter toxins from the blood)
  • Fanconi syndrome (when certain substances normally absorbed into the bloodstream by the kidneys are released into the urine instead)
  • glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the glomeruli, the structures inside the kidney that help to filter the blood)
  • hematuria (blood in the urine)
  • high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • hydronephrosis (swollen kidney)
  • kidney stones (small, solid masses that can form in the urinary tract)
  • multicystic kidney disease (when a baby doesn’t develop properly in the womb during pregnancy and multiple cysts form where a kidney should be)
  • nephrotic syndrome (a group of symptoms that happen together and include swelling, protein in the urine, low blood protein levels and high blood cholesterol)
  • obstructive uropathy (when urine can’t drain through a ureter — the tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder — backing urine up into the kidney and causing it to become swollen)
  • polycystic kidney disease (a hereditary disorder when cysts form over time in both kidneys)
  • proteinuria (protein in the urine)
  • renal agenesis (when a baby is born with one kidney)
  • renal tubular acidosis (when acid builds up in the body because the kidneys don’t filter urine properly)
  • systemic lupus erythematosus (an autoimmune disease — when the body’s immune system reacts against itself — that can cause kidney and other problems)
  • urinary tract infections
  • vesicoureteral reflux (when urine flows backward from the bladder into the kidneys and ureters — the thin tubes that carry the urine from the kidneys to the bladder)
  • voiding dysfunction (when the bladder doesn’t empty normally, causing kids to urinate too often, daytime accidents and/or nighttime bedwetting)
Services We Offer

Services We Offer


We offer comprehensive pediatric nephrology services, which may vary depending upon the condition and location:

  • dietitian support (to get proper nutrition while following the recommended diet)
  • nurse educators (to make sure you understand how to manage your child’s condition at home)
  • perinatal testing and specialty consultations (available for expectant parents of babies with kidney abnormalities formed during pregnancy)
  • regularly scheduled group meetings (run by nephrology staff members and with teenage mentors, so that kids with kidney disease can share their concerns and talk to others who’ve been there)
  • social worker support (to help children deal with feelings related to their condition)

For children with end-stage renal disease, our pediatric nephrology program offers several treatment options, including:

  • dialysis (a treatment that can take over the job of filtering the blood until failing kidneys heal or are replaced with a donated kidney through a kidney transplant)
  • continuous renal replacement therapy (allows dialysis to happen slowly over a 24-hour period)
  • kidney transplant — nearly all children with end-stage kidney disease eventually receive transplants 
Why Choose Us

Why Choose Us


Year after year, many of our board-certified nephrologists are named among the “Best Doctors in America®." We’re active in research too, constantly seeking out the very best ways to care for kids with kidney conditions. And if your child needs multiple specialists, we’ll try to schedule your appointments on the same day to make it as convenient as possible for your family.

Regional Pediatric Nephrology Highlights

Services, programs and care teams differ at each location. Call for details.

We offer pediatric nephrology care at Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children (Wilmington, Del.) and select satellite Nemours duPont Pediatrics locations.

  • named one of the best children's hospitals in the country for kidney care by U.S. News & World Report
  • Hypertension Clinic, working with cardiology (for children with high blood pressure)
  • Renal Clinic, where doctors from other specialties offer their expertise for your child’s kidney condition
  • Kidney and Bladder Care Program, staffed by a pediatric nephrologist and pediatric urologist, for children with both kidney and urinary issues
  • End-Stage Renal Disease Program, with a range of specialized treatment options
  • participation in the North American Pediatric Renal Transplant Cooperative Study (NAPRTCS) , which uses a state-of-the-art clinical approach for treating children with end-stage renal disease

We offer pediatric nephrology care at Nemours Children’s Hospital (Orlando) and select satellite Nemours Children’s Specialty Care locations.

  • Pediatric Kidney Stone Center, with a team of specialists evaluating everything from kidney and urinary function to nutrition and lifestyle habits, using noninvasive and minimally invasive techniques to help stones pass with minimal pain, including, if necessary, robotic surgical stone removal; also includes lifestyle and nutrition support — ongoing long-term, family-centered care to help prevent kidney stones from forming in the future
  • End-Stage Renal Disease Program, with a range of specialized treatment options
  • Hypertension Clinic, working with cardiology (for children with high blood pressure)
  • Williams Syndrome Program, working with many specialists to help kids with this rare genetic disorder that affects the development of multiple body functions 

Nemours nephrologists offer telemedicine visits at Nemours Children’s Specialty Care, Jacksonville  for children with kidney stones. Working with on-site urologists and registered dietitians, families can see a nephrologist through a virtual visit (on a screen) in the office. 

We offer pediatric nephrology care at Nemours Children’s Specialty Care, Pensacola. Our End-Stage Renal Disease Program provides a range of specialized treatment options. Patients who need to be hospitalized are admitted to West Florida Healthcare.

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Scheduled Specialist Online Visits

Nemours now offers scheduled specialist appointments through live video chat. Ask your doctor if this is an option for your family.

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Research & Clinical Trials

At Nemours, we’re actively researching new approaches for childhood disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment.

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KidsHealth Library

Learn more about your child’s medical condition from the experts at Nemours’ KidsHealth.