Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return

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Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return


Expert Care for TAPVR or TAPVC in Children


Young girl with partial anomalous pulmonary venous return plays with blocks.

Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (or TAPVR) is a rare, congenital (present at birth) heart defect. It’s sometimes called total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, or TAPVC. If your baby has TAPVR, our board-certified, fellowship-trained pediatric cardiologists and heart surgeons are here to answer your questions, ease your concerns, and provide the latest treatment options. Our pediatric heart care teams offer patient families research-backed care, delivered with compassion.

Services We Offer for Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return

Services We Offer for Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return


The expert teams in our Nemours Cardiac Center locations offer a full range of pediatric heart care for TAPVR. Services vary by specialist and location, but may include:

  • Cardiac Catheterization. A procedure used to diagnose or treat cardiac problems by inserting a thin plastic, flexible tube (called a “catheter”) into an artery or vein, and threading it through the bloodstream into the heart and its large blood vessels. 
  • Cardiac Diagnostics and Kid-Friendly Imaging. State-of-the-art, noninvasive and minimally invasive tests for kids of all ages, including babies still in the womb. 
  • Cardiology. Your child’s cardiologist will help with medications and monitoring, as well as long-term treatment plans and preventive care.  
  • Cardiovascular Genetics Counseling. For conditions that are caused, at least in part, by changes in genes. 
  • ECMO. Also known as extracorporeal life support or “ECLS,” this treats serious problems or assists during procedures, using the technology to give hearts and lungs a chance to rest and heal.
  • Fetal Diagnostics. Early detection in our perinatology and fetal medicine centers help us diagnose some congenital heart defects and make a treatment plan for when your baby’s born. 
  • Heart Surgery. We offer advanced procedures for congenital heart disease performed by board-certified, fellowship-trained cardiothoracic surgeons. 
Why Choose Us for TAPVC and TAPVR Care

Why Choose Us for TAPVC and TAPVR Care


World-class heart care requires the compassion to understand your family's journey, and the expertise to heal even the most complex conditions. Our cardiac surgeons treat a vast array of heart defects in infants, children and teens, using the most innovative, up-to-date approaches. Our specialty is the early detection and repair of heart problems. Our heart care specialists have been recognized for their commitment to delivering top-notch, compassionate care to children with congenital heart disease. We work closely with your family to help your child live their life to the fullest.

Learn More About Why to Choose Us »

Regional Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return Highlights

Services, programs, facilities and care teams differ at each location. Call for details.

Ranked in best children's hospitals for cardiac care.

We offer TAPVC and TAPVR care at Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children (Wilmington, Del.) and select Nemours duPont Pediatrics locations.

The Nemours Cardiac Center located at Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children is ranked among the best children’s hospitals in the nation for pediatric cardiology and heart surgery by U.S. News and World Report .

We offer TAPVC and TAPVR care at Nemours Children’s Hospital (Orlando) and select Nemours Children’s Specialty Care locations.  

Our renowned pediatric cardiology and cardiothoracic surgery team at the Nemours Cardiac Center in Central Florida offers inpatient, critical and surgical care at Nemours Children’s Hospital in Orlando — including dedicated cardiac anesthesiologists and state-of-the-art cardiac intensive care unit (CICU). 

We offer TAPVC and TAPVR care at Nemours Children’s Specialty Care, Pensacola and our hospital affiliate, West Florida Healthcare, with outpatient and follow-up appointments also available at select Nemours Children’s Specialty Care locations.

Our Nemours Cardiac Center in Pensacola is home to one of the few accredited pediatric transthoracic and fetal echocardiography labs in Florida and, if needed, can facilitate the transfer of extremely ill children between our Nemours Cardiac Center locations (e.g., to Nemours Children’s Hospital).  

Patient Stories

Patient Stories


Luke tells his story about being treated at Nemours for total anomalous pulmonary venous return.

Sometimes the best support and peace of mind comes from families who’ve been there. Meet some of the inspiring kids we’ve been honored to treat.

Read Luke's Story »

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Learn more about your child’s medical condition from the experts at Nemours’ KidsHealth.